Respondents were asked about their thoughts about being foster parents generally and about their experiences of placement breakdown. Foster children with behavioural problems, older foster children, foster children denied treatment, and foster children in care because of sexual abuse were more at risk of breakdown. The researchers say that this is an important finding as services have focused on providing support in the early years of the placement. Placement Planning meetings should be convened as part of the process of identifying and placing a child - as set out in the Placements in Foster Care Procedure and the Placements in Residential Care Procedure. Get a foster placement right and the effects on a child can be nothing short of miraculous. By . In: Building a Communty of Practice - the Residentical Child Care Project, Lake George NY, USA, 21-24 June 2016. While foster carers experience the rewards and challenges of parenting vulnerable and complex adolescents, some of these placements break down. Rather, their immediate response left a positive feeling in the foster home. Any other relevant people. Using the conceptualization of placement breakdown developed by Sallnäs et al. To address this knowledge gap, we designed this study to investigate how Swedish foster parents described and understood placement breakdown and the care context in which it occurred. Sharing links are not available for this article. At least in the perception of these foster parents, there is a discrepancy between the statutory obligations of the social services toward the foster home and the foster parents’ perceptions of the kind of information and support they actually receive. By . It was minimal at best with the only measure offered being a termination meeting with social services. A lack of continuing support means that the road leading to giving a child care and security is travelled in the dark and without signposts. In: 33rd FICE Congress and 2nd CYC World Conference, Vienna, Austria, 22-25 August 2016. Child and Family Social Work , 9, 141-152. ‘(…) In some way it leaves a trace, a long, long time afterwards’, or ‘You are completely at your end because you, I mean she has demanded so much of your (…) In a way it’s like you’ve been burnt out by this whole period’. All placements fell into one of two categories: those that, with certain interventions, might have been sustained (n = 9); and those that, regardless of intervention, appear to have been unsustainable (n = 10). A disruption can also happen when Children’s Social Care feel the placement is no longer meeting the child’s needs or you decide that you are no longer able to care for a child or the child decides they do not want to stay in the placement. They would have to telephone or email with specific questions as a way of guaranteeing an answer or, develop independence in seeking support from other services for example the child’s school or the local child and youth psychiatric unit. Foster parents’ descriptions depict placement breakdown as a consequence of a long series of events preceding children actually leaving their care. Placement breakdown significantly increases the chances that a foster parent will decide to end their role as a foster parent (Wilson et al., 2000). Before the referral to the fostering agency and placement with Ron and Shirley at the age of 12 years, Alan had experienced five foster care placements since being removed from his birth family at the age of seven. ‘The best thing would be if we would let children have four parents’. The Foster Care Training Hub is part of The Big Initiative which is a multi-agency collaboration bringing together expert practitioners to provide exceptional resources free of charge : Free Preventative Young People Courses; Free Adult Specialist Courses; Free Adult Well-Being Courses; Free Mandatory Courses; Welcome to a place where you can be active, engaged and inspired. But when it goes wrong, the results can easily reinforce prior placement … We recruited a purposive sample of traditional foster families (no previous relationship to the child) to participate in this study. The determining factor for how foster parents experienced placement breakdown was not connected to who initiated breakdown. Careful matching between the child and the foster family is the first step in achieving stability. Authors: … Foster care is however a vulnerable intervention, and questions can be raised as to its efficacy. Breakdown is defined as an unintentionally and prematurely terminated placement for reasons such as: behavioural problems, conflicts between biological and foster parents, foster parents ask for time-out, etc. Respondents’ experiences as foster parents varied from one year to thirty years. In total, eight foster parents participated in this study. If you have access to a journal via a society or association membership, please browse to your society journal, select an article to view, and follow the instructions in this box. When a child receives care under LVU, parents remain legal guardians although their discretionary powers are curtailed. Please read and accept the terms and conditions and check the box to generate a sharing link. Contact ranged from sporadic, for example, sending birthday wishes, to regular and frequent communication. I really missed that and think we should have seen each other afterwards.’ They felt their need for support was not acknowledged or provided by social services. David Berridge and Hedy Cleaver (1987) Foster home breakdown Oxford: Blackwell 0 631 15817 0. This need for support was connected to a desire that a child be referred to additional treatment services (e.g. There was also a clear awareness of the importance of the child’s biological parents and of not wanting to split up families. Proceedings of ‏The 5th International Conference on New Findings On Humanities and Social Sciences. Placement breakdown did not lead to a complete cessation in contact between the foster parents and children. Sarah Louise Lamswood . Active steps can be taken to reduce their likelihood, for example with careful matching and preparatory work with the child and proposed carers. A Placement Stability Meeting will be called when the placement of a child in foster care, residential or a semi-independence placement is considered to be at risk of disrupting. Although studies of placement breakdown are numerous, they have often focused on its frequency, risk factors or causes and consequences to children. Becoming foster parents was complicated upon the arrival of a foster child into their families. Although research has pointed to the many problems associated with placement instability and breakdown, less is known about foster parents’ experiences. In this sense, a failure to attend to structural problems may lead to children being even more marginalized in the care system. Pre‐service training of foster In spite of this study’s limited scope, foster parents are an important source of knowledge about the foster caring experience and the need to improve care provision. Oosterman and colleagues did not find a significant association between foster care type (non-kin or kinship care) and placement breakdown (i.e., placement instability). Research also indicates that caregivers, social services and biological parents, influence the breakdown process but findings from these studies are not consistent. If the child is aged over 15, the child’s consent is also required. And, they did not want to take younger children for fear of becoming attached to – and then possibly losing – them. Although custody of a child in care for longer than three years can be transferred to the foster parents, this is an option that is rarely exercised (Andersson, 2006). ‘But it is kind of nice because I have contact with her and she calls from time to time so actually we’ve found our way back to staying in contact’. Email:, Email: [email protected] Publication date: 01 December 2003 These foster parents described how the social worker actively dealt with the breakdown and were clear: ‘I think Susan who was our social worker at the time did a super clear job in this case’. FICE International. Our focus is thus on the meaning that our respondents give to events preceding and surrounding placement breakdown rather than on risk factors associated with this phenomenon. It was a bit of a respite for me at that moment’. being a Thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of . Lean Library can solve it. In case of a breakdown, the latter services decide in agreement with the foster care services whether a new foster care placement or residential care is the most appropriate. Reasons for Placement Breakdown: A number of patterns emerged in how foster parents described contact with social workers. Create a link to share a read only version of this article with your colleagues and friends. The e-mail addresses that you supply to use this service will not be used for any other purpose without your consent. From foster parents’ perspectives, placement breakdown occurred if the child had needs or behaviours that the foster parents could not meet or manage, if their own health became problematic or if the circumstances of the family changed (Brown and Bednar, 2006). Some declined this closing meeting because they were dissatisfied about how the whole situation was handled and really wanted a meeting with the child. However, not all foster care placements work out. Email:, Email: robyn.gilbertson@flinders.edu.au, /doi/pdf/10.1111/j.1447-0748.2003.00095.x?needAccess=true. Their view of fostering as a form of substitute parenting can become problematic as they are parenting children with difficult life experiences and often complex needs. How well the system succeeds in this task has long been open to question with research showing that there are serious and frequent problems and adverse outcomes for children who have been placed in public care (Vinnerljung and Sallnäs, 2008). Given that teenagers with behaviour problems comprise the largest age group of children in care in Swedish child welfare – and almost 40 percent of their placements end in breakdown – a dialogue needs to take place around how to best meet the needs of children and young people entering into out-of-home care. But each foster placement also exposes a child to the possibility of placement breakdown. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews with foster parents in their homes. (2004), we have included those placements that end because of a social worker’s displeasure with the placement, the foster parent refuses to continue to provide care, the child runs away or refuses to remain in the placement, or because the parent withdraws consent to placement. When a foster care placement comes to an end (reunification or breakdown), CFSS or juvenilejudges decideon the needoffuturehelp. Understandings of biological kinship ties in social workers’ accounts: A cross-cultural ... Foster Parents’ Perceptions of Factors that Promote or Inhibit Successful Fostering. Foster care placement breakdown Various terms have described the ending of long-term foster care placements in an unexpected manner, including Zbreakdown [ and Zdisruption [. Foster care instability may result in consecutive changes in primary caretakers, requiring foster children to adapt to new social and physical environments, such as a new neighborhood and a new school. Regardless of the reasons for the placement breakdown, foster parents stories shared a theme of wanting more support. Risk factors have most frequently been connected to the children in part because case files most often have information about children and their parents, leaving other potential risk factors difficult to discover. The caring perspective – of wanting to support, protect and nurture a child – was a recurring theme in many descriptions of their views of the purpose of foster care and motives to become foster parents. I even had my own phone number to the police so that I really could get through to them’. In addition to these quick placements, foster parents describe the problem of not having enough information about the child’s difficulties. To learn about our use of cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, please see our Cookie Policy. Foster children with behavioural problems, older foster children, foster children denied treatment, and foster children in care because of sexual abuse were more at risk of breakdown. Foster care is considered preferable to residential care and children should, if possible, be placed with a relative or other close adult (Andersson, 2001). Assessing these factors is important when evaluating the appropriateness of a family foster care placement. Foster parents describe the safety of the family due to the child’s physically or verbally aggressive behaviour as one reason for placement breakdown (Brown and Bednar, 2006; Gilbertson and Barber, 2003). If ever anything happened and Linda needed something, we’d be there for her and I think she knows it’. One risk is that placing a child in care is, by itself, seen as the solution to an individual child’s problems. In those cases where breakdown was initiated by social services, the decision to move/return a child was given suddenly – a quick telephone call and the placement ended. All respondents had biological children. The caring perspective, described as a desire to offer a caring and protective home, to act as ‘substitute’ parents, and to raise children so that they will grow into well-functioning adults is, in many respects, the same goal that parents have for their own biological children. It started having an effect on our own child cookies and how you can download article data... Process doesn ’ t always work smoothly to participate in this study who opened their... Although research has also shown a connection between placement breakdown met the inclusion criteria and who wanted to participate this... Their hearts and homes and shared their experiences with us who met the inclusion criteria and wanted... 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