Oats production was down by 40.4% (-83,000 tonnes). We are always looking to hire talented individuals with equal and extraordinary proportions of industry expertise, problem solving ability and inclination. Russia. In recent years, China with an average production of more than 100 million Europe fulfills all requirements of wheat cultivation: a temperate maritime or continental climate with an annual precipitation of between 40 to 75 cm. The Indus Plain is the main wheat-producing region of Pakistan. Around 126 million metric tons of wheat are produced by the country per year, on a land area of 24 million hectares (comparable to the size of the entire country of Algeria). It includes such states as Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania and most of the Mid-Atlantic States. Data. The major requirement for wheat production is in its environmental conditions. Australia is the 14th wheat-producing country of the world. Russia, Canada, France, and Australia are the major exporters of wheat, globally, and account for nearly 50% of total wheat exports in the world. Click here. (b) South-East China includes Human and Yangtze fertile plain. Learn how the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID-19 (coronavirus). Plagiarism Prevention 4. Since wheat does not require a great amount of water or high moisture content, the weather and soil condition… Its average annual production of wheat is 10 million metric tons. In 2009-10, it produced 77.50 million metric tons of wheat. These states account for about 60 per cent of the wheat area and produce about three-fourths of the total wheat production in India. The United States produces a large amount of wheat each year, a great deal of which is subsequently exported. The global import volume in 2019 accounted for 190.9 million metric ton and is projected to reach 322.84 million metric ton by 2030, registering a CAGR of 4.8% during the forecast period. In 2017, world production of wheat was 772 million tonnes, with a forecast of 2019 production at 766 million tonnes, making it the second most-produced cereal after maize. The United States produces about 10 percent of the world’s wheat, but on average is responsible for 20 to 30 percent of the world’s wheat exports. Once importer о wheat, now it not only fulfills the needs of its own large population but also has a surplus stock. For the purpose of this report, the global wheat market is segmented on the basis of geography into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, and Africa. The Hwang Ho valley is considered as the best wheat-producing region. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2011 when the harvested area increased by 2.2% year-to-year. It is cultivated on more land area than any other commercial crop in the world. Its wheat production in 2007—08 was 23.30 million metric tons. World production of the most important cereals and pseudo-cereals in 2012 can be seen from the following table (data from the FAOSTAT website). World trade in wheat is greater than for all other crops combined. In 2019, the total area harvested in terms of wheat production worldwide reached 214M ha, stabilizing at 2018 figures. WHEAT in the World – WHEAT WHEAT in the World Wheat is grown yearly on 215 million hectares — an area equivalent to that of Greenland and distributed from Scandinavia to South America and across Asia, making it more widely grown than any other staple food crop (see map below). Ukraine once the part of USSR is now an independent state and ranks 13th in wheat production. Area is estimated at 295,000 ha, down 2 percent (5,000 ha) from last month and last year. The Canadian farm located in the Red River Valley produced barley, rapeseed, soybeans, summer wheat, and winter wheat. The rolling treeless Pampas facilitates the extensive use of machines. Wheat area in the United States decreased by 16% and increased in Canada by 3%, from the 1970s level. India has registered a massive increase in wheat production after ‘Green Revolution’. The area sown decreased by 9,100 hectares (-13.5%), the yield decreased by 14.0%. Globally wheat is cultivated in an area about 220 million hectares with a record production of 763.06 million tonnes of grain. The German farm … 5.1.1.1.2 Consumption Analysis, Market Value and Price Trend, 5.1.1.1.3 Import Market Analysis (Volume and Value), 5.1.1.1.4 Export Market Analysis (Volume and Value), 5.1.1.2.2 Consumption Analysis, Market Value and Price Trend, 5.1.1.2.3 Import Market Analysis (Volume and Value), 5.1.1.2.4 Export Market Analysis (Volume and Value), 5.1.2.1.2 Consumption Analysis, Market Value and Price Trend, 5.1.2.1.3 Import Market Analysis (Volume and Value), 5.1.2.1.4 Export Market Analysis (Volume and Value), 5.1.2.2.2 Consumption Analysis, Market Value and Price Trend, 5.1.2.2.3 Import Market Analysis (Volume and Value), 5.1.2.2.4 Export Market Analysis (Volume and Value), 5.1.2.3.2 Consumption Analysis, Market Value and Price Trend, 5.1.2.3.3 Import Market Analysis (Volume and Value), 5.1.2.3.4 Export Market Analysis (Volume and Value), 5.1.3.1.2 Consumption Analysis, Market Value and Price Trend, 5.1.3.1.3 Import Market Analysis (Volume and Value), 5.1.3.1.4 Export Market Analysis (Volume and Value), 5.1.3.2.2 Consumption Analysis, Market Value and Price Trend, 5.1.3.2.3 Import Market Analysis (Volume and Value), 5.1.3.2.4 Export Market Analysis (Volume and Value), 5.1.3.3.2 Consumption Analysis, Market Value and Price Trend, 5.1.3.3.3 Import Market Analysis (Volume and Value), 5.1.3.3.4 Export Market Analysis (Volume and Value), 5.1.4.1.2 Consumption Analysis, Market Value and Price Trend, 5.1.4.1.3 Import Market Analysis (Volume and Value), 5.1.4.1.4 Export Market Analysis (Volume and Value), 5.1.4.2.2 Consumption Analysis, Market Value and Price Trend, 5.1.4.2.3 Import Market Analysis (Volume and Value), 5.1.4.2.4 Export Market Analysis (Volume and Value), 5.1.5.1.2 Consumption Analysis, Market Value and Price Trend, 5.1.5.1.3 Import Market Analysis (Volume and Value), 5.1.5.1.4 Export Market Analysis (Volume and Value), 5.1.5.2.2 Consumption Analysis, Market Value and Price Trend, 5.1.5.2.3 Import Market Analysis (Volume and Value), 5.1.5.2.4 Export Market Analysis (Volume and Value), 6. The black soil region of Russia and Ukraine is best for wheat cultivation. Accordingly, Asian countries, like China, India, and Australia, European countries, like Russia, France, and Germany, North American countries, like the United States and Canada, are the major producers of wheat globally. Production and Distribution of Wheat around the World! The global wheat consumption valued at USD 16,136.7 million in 2019, and it is projected to register growth with a CAGR of 4.3% during the forecast period. Wheat production was down by 25.7% (-175,000 tonnes). The geographical conditions of the Indus Plain are suitable for wheat production. All Rights Reserved to Mordor Intelligence. Maximum area under wheat is in India (14%), followed by Russia (12.43%), China (11.14%) and the USA (6.90%) which altogether accounts for about 45% of global area. Wheat is produced chiefly in the north of the country in the Huang He (Hwang Ho) basin and in Manchuria. In this region wheat is sown in early spring rain and grows through the warm summer and is harvested by autumn. Increased moisture and higher relative humidity gives the winter-sown wheat a softer texture. Disclaimer 9. The dense network of railways allows the harvested grain to reach the coastal ports of Buenos Aires and Bahia Blanca for export. The major wheat-producing states are: Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Gujarat. The global wheat generation is positioned third, in terms of volume, after corn and rice. World wheat harvested area decreased about 2%. China is the largest producer of wheat in the world and its average annual production is 110 million metric tons. Land under cereal production (hectares) from The World Bank: Data. Russia alone ranks fourth in world wheat production, which produces more than 50 million metric tons of wheat. Wheat serves as one of the staple foods of the Chinese population, accounting for 40% of the grain consumption in this country. Covering the production, consumption, trade, and price trend analysis. Wheat Market - Growth, Trends, and Forecast (2020 - 2025), Consumption Analysis, Market Value and Price Trend, Import Market Analysis (Volume and Value), Export Market Analysis (Volume and Value). Wheat is, therefore, one of the most important crops grown in here. Canada is not only a leading wheat producer of the world but also a leading exporter. In China intensive-mechanised wheat farming is done. Mozambique is the major importer of wheat in the world, and it imported 2.48 billion metric ton of wheat in 2016. The global wheat market is projected to witness a CAGR of 4.3% during the forecast period. Copyright 10. The other leading countries in wheat production are France, Pakistan, Germany, Canada, Argentina, Kazakhstan, Turkey, Iran, Ukraine, Australia and Britain. A massive amount of total land area is covered in agriculture here at Turkey. The United States: 61.6 Million Metric Tonnes: It is the principal cereal grain grown in the country. Image Guidelines 5. (c) North China Plain and Kaoliang Region are famous for winter wheat. This wheat is sown in spring or winter depending on the local climate and relief. It is grown on more land area than any other commercial crop and continues to be the most important grain food source for human consumption. Large areas of the Steppes stretching from the Dnieper into Asiatic Russia have been brought under wheat cultivation. Wheat is grown on more land area than any other food crop (220.4 million hectares, 2014). Russia, Canada, France, and Australia are the major exporters of wheat, globally, and account for nearly 50% of total wheat exports in the world. USA and Russia are at third and fourth position in wheat production in the world. The yield of wheat in India is 2.79 tons per hectare, which is lower in comparison to other leading wheat-producing countries. Wheat is one of the key global commodities in terms of acreage and tradeable value and as a staple in household diets. Wheat is one of the most important grain crops produced and traded globally. The wheat area for the EU increased by 52%, but the majority of that was due to the addition of countries to the EU. Content Filtrations 6. Despite high productivity, due to high density of population, local consumption is also high, therefore, wheat surplus is not available, even some countries import wheat. In 2007-08 it produced 13.84 million metric tons, but in 2008-09 its production of wheat went up to 21.5 million metric tons. with a production of 685.6 million tonnes (2009- 10). Other wheat-producing countries of Europe are Poland, Italy, Spain, Denmark and Hungary. The climate of northern plain of India with its mild, rainy winter and hot dry summer is highly favorable for wheat production. In 2007-08 Argentina produced 16.8 million metric tons of wheat. South of Minnesota and South Dakota is another great wheat region that grows hard red winter wheat. The top three cereals in the world are maize (corn), rice and wheat. On an annual basis, wheat production increased at an average rate of 1.0% annually. This year's 768.49 estimated millions tons could represent an increase of 4.17 million tons or 0.55% in wheat production around the globe. The cultivation of wheat in USA is highly mecha­nised, capital-intensive and commercial. Both spring and winter wheat are grown. It requires a temperature of 15 to 25°C for germination, growth and yield. Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain, which is a worldwide staple food. Winter wheat is more popular in northern India, while spring wheat is cultivated in western India. Durum planted area for 2015 is estimated at 1.95 million acres, up 40 percent from the previous year. Mozambique is the major importer of wheat in the world, and it imported 2.48 billion metric ton of wheat in 2016. Data source: FAO. Area planted to other spring wheat for 2015 is estimated at 13.5 million acres, up 4 percent from 2014. The data are for the different sovereign countries of the world. In Canada 95 per cent wheat is grown in Saskatchewan, Alberta and Manitoba province. This is likely due to the fact that wheat can be cultivated in many areas with heterogeneous types of weather, elevation, or soil. And this requirement can only be found in the north, hence the north provides the best place for wheat production. The total acreage of wheat cultivation in 2016 accounted for 219 million hectares, which declined to 214.2 million hectares in 2018. The global wheat market report analyses trend, growth, and demand in North America, Europe, South America, Africa, Asia-Pacific, and the global wheat markets and their scenarios. It has given a record production of 21 million metric tons in the recent year and exported the wheat all around the globe. Wheat Production last year (*) was 764.32 million tons. India is the second largest producer of wheat in the world. El Salvador corn production for 2020/21 is estimated at 820,000 mt, down 10,000 mt (about 1 percent) from last month, and down 1 percent from last year. Large-scale mechanization, extension of agriculture in the virgin land, state-sponsored community farming enabled the country to spectacularly increase wheat production. The major wheat-producing areas of China are: (a) North-East China includes Beijing and Manchurian plain. World Wheat Harvested Area. Report a Violation, Maize Production: Production and Distribution of Maize around the World, Country Wise Production and Distribution of Tea around the World (with statistical data), Agricultural Products: Cereals, Beverages and Fibre Crops. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization, the global wheat production in 2018 accounted for 734 billion metric ton and the global area harvested under the wheat in 2018 accounted for 214.29 billion hectares. ... Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area) Land area (sq. Now wheat cultivation has become more mechanised and also commercial in nature. The wheat is sown in winter and harvested in early summer. World Agricultural Production (WAP) Circulars; Geospatial Data. Many factors affect wheat prices including climate, yields, oil prices, lagged prices, and imports. The Canadian Prairies is one of the leading granaries of the world. Yield is estimated at 2.78 metric t/ha. The many species of wheat together make up the genus Triticum, which is the most widely grown is common wheat. The increased consumption of wheat across the countries in various cuisines as well as by the processing industries for the production of various products like flour, alcoholic beverages and so on has resulted in the increased import of wheat over the study period. Wheat-producing areas of the world are distributed in all the continents. The entire belt of countries enlisted in the European Union produced the highest … Wheat production is mainly confined to North-Western parts of the country. The normal world productivity is 3039 Kg./ha. Wheat production covers more than 215 million hectares, globally, and its gross world trade is greater than all other crops combined. About 25 million hectare of land in USA is devoted to wheat cultivation. Kazakhstan and Canada, ranking fifth and sixth, produce wheat on about half the area of the top four countries. TOS 7. Privacy Policy 8. Six classes of wheat are produced in 42 states in the United States and in nearly every region on six continents around the … On analyzing global wheat production by country, it is seen that the first three top wheat producing countries together comprise almost half of the total wheat production in the world. The four major wheat-growing regions of USA are as follows: This is a continuation of the Canadian Prairies and is leading commercial wheat region of America. Wheat production The European Union yielded more than 160 million metric tons of wheat between 2015 and 2016, accounting for more than one-fifth of the world wheat production . This is because of the following factors: In South America, the leading wheat producer is Argentina, which ranks 9th in the world wheat producer countries. The soft white wheat is grown in two areas of USA, first, around lakes Michigan and Huron and second, the west coast including California and the Columbia plateau region. If realized, it would be 1 percent below the 5-year average and the first-time global wheat consumption has exceed global wheat production … USA: In the world, USA is the third largest producer of wheat and produces 68 million metric tons of … Global wheat production increased 28% from 1990 to 2016. Pakistan is also a leading wheat-producing country in the world and ranks 6th in wheat production. The data correspond to the last date of … Since the Communist Revolution (1917) planned efforts were made to achieve self-sufficiency in wheat production. USDA expects global wheat production to fall to the lowest level in 5 years at 734 MMT, down 4 percent from the record high of 763 MMT in 2017/18. As the Chinese have become more affluent over the recent decade, China has become a major force in the world wheat market. 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